There are a number of things that can cause roofing issues, a few of those are deterioration of shingles, broken tiles, brittle underlayment, physical damage from high wind, birds and debris from trees. The resulting damage is typically in the form of penetrating water that can lead to Mold, rot, stains, and other issues.
Heating & Cooling.
Insufficient or inadequate heating/cooling system as well as poor insulation are the most common causes of poor cooling and heating triggered in an inspection. A regularly serviced and clean system usually prevents most problems, but when a unit is near and or over its expected life expectancy, the inspector will note it even though it may be working correctly at the time of the inspection.
A few of the biggest issues noted in home inspections are older outdated systems of less then 100AMP service, wire that is not copper or aluminum, over fused breakers and little to no labeling of the service panels. The concerns are centered on fire hazard and safety to the occupants. Breakers should all be clearly marked, no doubling up of breakers, all outlets grounded properly with covers and GFCI’s as needed.
Rotting or exposed wood.
Anytime there is exposed wood to the elements it usually is noted. Unprotected wood is subject to accelerated deterioration and delaminating. Areas of concern are typically to the South of the home where direct sunlight is constant. Fascia, Window Trim, Siding, and decks are the most common problem areas. Depending on the type of financing involved, all areas may be required corrected as a condition of the borrowers loan approval.
Damp attic space.
This issue is more difficult to determining with out a physical inspection of the attic space. Poor attic ventilation, leaking roof, insulation, and vapor barriers can cause moisture, and mold to form in the attic. Mold is a very controversial and expensive condition to mitigate and has been proven to cause very serious health issues in some cases. This is not something you want to let go, and is critical to assure it is a non-issue or is discovered and mitigated immediately.
Correcting deteriorating masonry work can be costly, but left unattended only accelerates the amount of damage and expense of repairs. Again this is something that can contribute to water penetrating the structure resulting in expensive damage and or mold issues.
Pools and equipment will be heavily scrutinized in the safety arena and the equipment is considered warrantable meaning they need to be fully operational at the time of sale. The inspectors will look for Safety fences or that the pool is safely separated form the residence to prevent a child easily obtaining access and drowning. This can either by done be fencing around the pool area or safety door/latches to exterior doors and windows of the home leading to the pool area. Pumps, water features, filters, heating units and plumbing should all be operational with out evidence of plumbing leaks. Cracks in the pool, settling around the pool and uneven slabs causing trip hazards are notable issues.
Some of the safety items inspectors look for are; trip hazards on sidewalks/slabs, GCFI outlets, Ingress/Egress windows, Fire/smoke detectors, Garage door child safety switch, Hot water blow off valve compliance and Gas appliance venting.
General plumbing issues that come up regularly are leaking sink traps causing water damage underneath cabinets, leaking plumbing of any kind, and insufficient operating faucet/valves where temperature is not regulated correctly.
Inspectors will investigate the footing and foundation of your home as the entire homes structural integrity is fundamental to your home.